Question: Is there an ILO convention that deals with whether the rights of the union under a collective agreement remain in force for a certain period of time when a company is closed, sold or privatized? Collective bargaining refers to the process of bargaining between an employer and a union of employees to reach an agreement that regulates employees` working conditions. Question: How can companies safeguard the right to collective bargaining? A collective agreement (CBA) is a written legal contract between an employer and a union that represents employees. The CBA is the result of an extensive negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours of work and working conditions. Answer: Collective bargaining can take place at company level, at sector or industry level, and at national or central level. It is up to the parties themselves to decide at what level they want to negotiate. In the view of the ILO Committee on Freedom of Association, the determination of the level of negotiation is essentially a matter that should be left to the discretion of the parties. Answer: Collective bargaining should be voluntary, free and in good faith. The parties are free to participate in the negotiations and the authorities should not interfere in their decisions. The principle of good faith implies that the parties make every effort to reach an agreement, conduct genuine and constructive negotiations, avoid undue delays in negotiations, comply with agreements reached and implemented in good faith and allow sufficient time to discuss and resolve collective disputes. In the case of multinational enterprises, such enterprises should not threaten to relocate all or part of an operational unit from the country concerned in order to unfairly influence the negotiations.
In 24 U.S. , employees who work in a unionized company may be asked to contribute to representation costs (e.g., B at disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues have negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. Contributions are usually 1 to 2% of salary. However, union members and other workers covered by collective agreements receive, on average, a wage premium of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or non-unionized) colleagues.  Some states, particularly in the south-central and southeastern regions of the United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial, as it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract not to pay their share of the costs of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court has ruled that the law prevents a person`s union dues from being used without consent to fund political goals that could be contrary to the individual`s personal policies. Instead, in states where union security clauses are allowed, these dissidents may choose to pay only the portion of dues that goes directly to workers` representation.  For more information on collective bargaining, see this article from the Florida State Law Review, this article from the Nova Southeastern University Law Review, and this article from the Boston College Law Review. Arbitration is a method of dispute resolution that is used as an alternative to litigation. It is commonly referred to in collective agreements between employers and employees as a means of resolving disputes. The parties must choose a neutral third party (an arbitrator) to hold a formal or informal hearing on the disagreement. The arbitrator then issues a decision binding on the parties.
Federal and state laws govern the practice of arbitration. Although the federal arbitration law does not apply to employment contracts on its own terms, federal courts increasingly apply the law in labor disputes. 18 States have adopted the Uniform Arbitration Act (2000) as State law. Thus, the arbitration agreement and the arbitrator`s decision may be enforceable under federal and state law. .