The ECJ`s role in possible replacement agreements between the UK and the EU is a matter of negotiation. As noted above, all membership rights and obligations (particularly the internal market and customs union provisions) will no longer apply on 29 March 2019, unless the 28 Member States agree otherwise. The reason is simple: Britain and the EU have not yet begun negotiations on a future trade deal. If the withdrawal agreement is adopted, negotiations will begin after we leave the EU and enter the transition period. However, Farage cannot know definitively whether the EU would be the arbiter of disputes in a future free trade agreement. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom.
The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   Should the United Kingdom keep in mind the Court`s post-withdrawal judgments? Rhodri Thompson QC examines practical and political difficulties Once again, the difficulty of the situation is more political than legal – the UK economy faces a legal and economic chasm if the legal rights of British citizens and businesses in the 28 Member States are abolished in one fell swoop by the UK`s withdrawal on 29 March 2019.