Agreement Sea Luxembourg
At the Luxembourg European Council on 3 December 1985, a political agreement was reached when the foreign ministers finalised the text. Denmark and Italy have expressed doubts about constitutional validity. Nine countries, Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany (RFA), France, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom signed the Single European Act in Luxembourg on 17 February 1986.  This date was originally conceived as a sign of unity within the Community with regard to THE ESPs, but this was not the case. With its economic provisions, the SEA started with the largest commercial area in the world. It has done so by allowing the free movement of goods, capital, labour and services between Member States and between Member States. Prior to the implementation of the SEA provisions, the creation of a single market had had some success, but there were still many obstacles (such as different VAT rates) and border crossings still involved a great deal of bureaucracy, making it difficult to transport goods. The SEA was the first attempt to have a borderless Europe by going further to secure the Union when there was an agreement before it. In addition to the establishment of mechanisms for the single market – there were 272 such provisions – workers` health and safety standards have been established, European research and technological development strategies have been developed and environmental protection strategies have been developed.
That is why the ESE was an important step towards the creation of today`s European Union, as it has made a cohesive and harmonious economy the objective of Europe. Although the European Parliament was established by the EEC, it was limited to a majority consultative function and its officials were not directly elected. The SUP has extended the powers of the European Parliament to a veto over the accession of new Member States and agreements with associated states. It also set up the direct election of MPs. In addition, the ESE has given more powers to the European Council, a body made up of heads of state and government from all Member States. The Council can be considered a single executive branch of government; the President of the Council is also known as the `President of the EU`. Thus, the SUP has not only made significant institutional changes, but has also made progress towards the political integration of Europe. However, the most important and comprehensive aspect of the ESE`s contributions was the timetable it set out for the creation of a European single market in 1993. Achieving further commitments for the distribution of rescued migrants will be the goal in the coming weeks.
Nevertheless, delegates say their goal is not to set binding quotas. The European Commission will continue to coordinate the distribution and officials say the phone number used to call for the redistribution of migrants from Italy will remain the same.