Define Global Political Agreement
… The Power Sharing Agreement, known as the Global Political Agreement, on September 15, 2008. Under the agreement, Mugabe would remain president, but would cede some power to Tsvangirai, who would serve as prime minister; Mutambara would serve as deputy prime minister. The Committee engaged in dialogue with representatives of the main political parties in Zimbabwe, with the exception of ZANU-PF, the Representative of the European Union and representatives of civil society organizations, on progress and obstacles to the implementation of the global political agreement in Zimbabwe. There was concern that some of the aid in the area of food aid would be used as a political instrument, but this should be confirmed. At a conference of all interested parties on a draft constitution, an agreement has been reached and should be sent to the Zimbabwean Parliament for consideration of a referendum. Following the conference, ZANU-PF turned around and made new requirements for the draft Constitution, which was problematic. In violation of Article 6 of the global political agreement and the principle of separation of powers, ZANU-PF wanted to dispossess the constitutional process of the Zimbabwean Parliament by declaring itself in favour of negotiations on the draft Constitution between the three parties. Challenges such as restricting media pluralism, statements by security forces, lack of confidence in the provision of judicial services, lack of independence of the electoral commission secretariat and human rights violations remain a challenge. The constitutional process, a referendum, the roadmap set out in the global political agreement, the lifting of sanctions and the involvement of other international actors in the process were called upon to carry out the constitutional process.
A member of the DA asked the commission to discuss with SADC representatives and ZANU-PF`s opinions will also be reviewed. ANC members asked whether there were „sunset clauses“ to facilitate the progress of the process and what allowed for free and fair elections in Zimbabwe. A COPE member expressed concern about the proposal to the institutions of the audit office; this would create tensions; au would play a decisive role in the process that is once involved. The President said that South Africa supported the Zimbabwean people and that its role was to ensure that the situation was resolved. The Zimbabwean people had suffered for so long and there could be no change in what rightly belonged to them. The People of Zimbabwe needed a long-term solution. The minimum was the creation of an environment conducive to free and fair elections, and the conditions had to be agreed. A credible Zimbabwe electoral commission (ZEC) has been essential in this process. … the terms of the 2008 Global Political Agreement (GPA), which attempted to end a political crisis in Zimbabwe. The structure of the executive was changed, which led to the creation of a prime minister and the creation of two deputy prime minister posts.